15 November, Lagos: Africa’s youth prefer using local innovations and believe that the next tech billionaire could come from the continent, according to the recently launched Africa – innovator or imitator? Exploring narratives around Africa’s technological capabilities report by Africa No Filter.
The research was done in Egypt, Morocco, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. The report interviewed 4500 people aged 18 to 35 to find out their perceptions of African-led innovation and if they are influenced by dominant narratives that promote the Global North as superior innovators.
While the image of Africa as an innovator appears to be overshadowed by stereotypes of a ‘backward’ continent that’s largely a recipient of global north innovations, our study found that young Africans (79%) believed it was possible for poor countries to produce great innovations that can influence the world.
72% said it was possible for their own countries to produce tech billionaires. The majority of respondents (62%) believed in the power of African innovation and preferred using local innovations where they were available.
Technology and innovation have had a rapid impact in shaping the world, Africa included. Local innovations have transformed healthcare, how Africans do business and how African governments interact with citizens. In 2021, Africa accounted for 70% of the total value of mobile money transactions globally and the continent appears to be leading the way in fintech. In 2022, 109 African fintech start-ups have raised over $1 billion in growth funding.
Moky Makura, Executive Director at Africa No Filter, said: “There have been a number of innovations and tech-solutions that show that Africa is an innovative continent. The youth’s positive attitude towards innovation across the continent and in their own countries shows that there’s a lot of potential for the sector; young people are interested in innovating and supporting local innovations. We commissioned the report because we wanted to understand how innovation resonates with young Africans. The report shows that while respondents value homegrown innovation and innovators, more can be done to remove barriers like lack of infrastructure.”
The report also highlighted the following:
- The West is not necessarily best when it comes to innovation: 62% of respondents believed in the power of African innovation and preferred using local innovations where they were available.
- The next greatest innovation could emerge from Africa: 48% of respondents saw no reason innovators could not come from Africa, and 24% said they already existed.
- Africans trust local innovation: 62% respondents said they trusted and would prioritize using local innovations over international ones. West Africans were the most positive (66%) regionally, while Kenyans (71%) were the most supportive country.
- Innovation could come from anyone, but the government is not seen as the most important driver of tech innovation: 50% of respondents believed that everyone should drive innovation, out of necessity and curiosity, but 44% of respondents felt that government restrictions were a barrier to innovation. Only 37% identified the government as being mainly responsible for innovation.
- African youth are very aware of the tech innovations in their countries: 64% of respondents said they were aware of the different innovations existing in their countries. There was also a high level of awareness of innovation across the continent.
- Depending on where you are, innovation is encouraged and supported: 59% of respondents felt that there was support for innovation and innovators, and that there was an enabling environment in their country. Respondents from Kenya (67%) and South Africa (65%) felt innovation and technology were encouraged. Only 39% of Nigerian respondents and 49% of Ghanaian respondents agreed.
- Infrastructure deficiencies are the main barrier to digital technology and innovation: 53% of respondents cited infrastructure deficiencies as the main barrier to innovation. Regionally, 67% of East Africans are much more likely to identify this problem as a key barrier.
The report interviewed 4500 people aged 18 to 35 in Egypt, Morocco, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Random sampling was used to reach 500 respondents in each country. Questions were designed by GeoPoll and Africa No Filter and conducted in English, French and Arabic. The polls were conducted in April 2021. We intend to extend this study to other countries at a later stage.
About Africa No Filter:
We are a donor-collaborative shifting stereotypical and harmful narratives within and about Africa through research, grant-making, community building and advocacy by supporting storytellers, investing in media platforms, and driving disruption campaigns. Our funders are Ford Foundation, Bloomberg, Mellon Foundation, Luminate, Open Society Foundations, Comic Relief, the Hilton Foundation, the British Council and Hewlett Foundation.